I see frequent BSOD when running c:\Windows\System32\clinfo.exe on Windows 7 Embedded. I don't see any BSOD on a regular Windows 7 Pro.
My setup is as follows:
GPU: AMD Radeon HD 7850 PCIe 2BG AES
CPU: Intel® Core™ i7-3615QE
Catalyst Version: 13.9
Driver version: 1268.1
OS: Windows 7 Embedded Standard 64 bit (Build 7601) Service Pack 1
The GPU has no screen attached, since it's only use for computations.
I don't see the BSOD with the Catalyst Version 12.4, but every driver since has the problem.
To reproduce the BSOD I use a small script that runs on Windows startup. It executes clinfo.exe and then restarts the computer. Normally I see a BSOD within the hour, but sometime i takes longer (I've seen approximately 8 hours).